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  • 2013

    Protein Analysis in Large Benthic Foraminifera

    This article, published by one of the Living Oceans Foundation Fellows, Andersen Mayfield, PhD, looks at protein analysis in large benthic foraminifera.

  • 2013

    Changes in the spear fishery of herbivores associated with closed grouper season in Palau, Micronesia

    This article, published by one of the Living Oceans Foundation Research Fellows, Sonia Bejarano, PhD and science team member, Professor Peter Mumby, looks at changes in the spear fishery of herbivores associated with closed grouper season in Palau, Micronesia.

  • 2013

    Advances in management of precious corals in the family Corallidae: are new measures adequate?

    Highlights: A recommended minimum harvest size of 80 mm was not adopted. Corallium rubrum resources above 50 m, instead of 80 m, are protected but enforcement is inadequate. Deep C. rubrum resources are being exploited without prior stock assessments. Inshore Pacific Corallidae are still primarily harvested with dredges. Pacific Corallidae landings have doubled and are dominated by dead colonies. Advances in management of precious corals in the family Corallidae: are new measures adequate?

  • 2013

    Ecological Risk and the Exploitation of Herbivorous Reef Fish Across Micronesia

    Nominally herbivorous fish play a variety of functional roles that are important in maintaining coral reef resilience, yet are major targets of spear fisheries in Micronesia. Although protection is afforded to iconic species in some areas, impacts of the fishery on the ecosystem are poorly understood. The goal of this study was to locate the major potential ecological threats from the fishery by integrating catch data with species-specific metrics of ecological importance and vulnerability to fishing. Region-wide and country-specific grounds for ecological concern were identified....

  • 2013

    Coral population trajectories, increased disturbance and management intervention: a sensitivity analysis

    Coral reefs worldwide, even remote reefs, are impacted by global change - a combined multitude of large-scale and local stressors. COTS impacts and bleaching are key drivers of coral degradation. This scientific article on coral population trajectories looks at increased disturbance and possible management interventions that may be advisable as just leaving reefs alone, seems no longer a satisfactory option.

  • 2012

    Temporal Variation in Nucleic Acid and Protein Ratios in Four Anthozoan-Dinoflagellate Endosymbioses of the Indo-Pacific: Implications for Molecular Diagnostics

    Given the threat of global climate change towards coral reefs and the endosymbiotic anthozoans that construct them, there is an urgent need to better understand the physiological response of these environmentally sensitive organisms. Unfortunately, many aspects of anthozoan biology are poorly understood, such as the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the stability of their association with dinoflagellates of the genus Symbiodinium. For instance, it has only recently been demonstrated that the molecular composition of these mutualisms is temporally variable; specifically, Symbiodinium DNA content has been shown to vary significantly across the light-dark cycle, and such variation could have implications for...

  • 2012

    The Effects of a Variable Temperature Regime on the Physiology of the Reef-Building Corals Seriatopora hystrix: Results From a Laboratory-Based Reciprocal Transplant

    To understand the effects of global climate change on reef-building corals, a thorough investigation of their physiological mechanisms of acclimatization is warranted. However, static temperature manipulations may underestimate the thermal complexity of the reefs in which many corals live. For instance, corals of Houbihu, Taiwan, experience changes in temperature of up to 10°C over the course of a day during spring-tide upwelling events. To better understand the phenotypic plasticity of these corals, a laboratory-based experiment was conducted whereby specimens of Seriatopora hystrix from an upwelling reef (Houbihu) and conspecifics from a non-upwelling reef (Houwan) were exposed...